A regular eye exam is an important part of maintaining a person’s overall health. Many eye problems have no symptoms and rarely any pain. Doctors of Optometry recommend that adults have a comprehensive eye examination every one to two years, and children and seniors annually. In some cases, more frequent visits may be required.
A complete vision and eye health exam starts with a series of questions to determine your general health, family history and how you use your eyes at work and play. Then, using specially designed equipment, your Doctor of Optometry conducts an external and internal examination of your eyes, evaluates the alignment of your eyes, your ability to judge depth and colour, your peripheral vision, and how well you see.
Doctors of Optometry also test for common vision conditions such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. The tissues and structures inside the eye are carefully examined, looking for eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma or macular degeneration, as well as eye problems related to diabetes, tears in the retina, bleeding and tumours. Based on the results, your Doctor will advise you about corrective lens options most suited to your personal needs, or will refer you to a specialist if further evaluation or treatment is required.